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Røros


Røros in Norway Røros municipality coat of arms

Population:
5,593

Areal:
1.956,3 km2


Røros Local Directory


Accommodation, Businesses and more pictures from Røros

Røros muncipality has approximately 6.000 inhabitants and covers a area of 1.956,3 km2. The biggest villages are Brekken and Glåmos. Other villages are Feragen, Galåa, and Hitterdalen. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Røros. Røros is one of the Cities in the World that's Honored to be on UNESCO's World Heritage List.

The mining town of Røros is sometimes called Bergstaden which means "the mining town" due to its historical notoriety for copper mining. It is one of two towns in Norway that were historically designated "mining towns", along with the "silver-town" of Kongsberg. The modern-day inhabitants of Røros still work and live in the characteristic 17th and 18th century buildings which have led to its designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. Røros has about 80 wooden houses, most of them standing around courtyards. Many retain their dark pitch-log facades, giving the town a medieval appearance.

RØROS

The mining town of Røros has a population of approximately 3,500. No other town in Norway lies at such a high altitude and Røros owes its mountain situation 650 metres above sea level to the hunt for metals. The town grew up around the copper mines and today is a living history of the mining community that dates from the middle of the 17th century.

It has a typical inland climate, with low humidity and cold winter temperatures - especially in the southern and southeastern parts of the region. The northern and norhwestern parts have a more humid climate and somewhat milder winter temperatures. The vegeation of the region reflects this climatic variation.

Røros suffered total destruction in 1678 and 1679 then it was attacked by Swedish troops. Since then, the town has been spared. The oldest houses date from the period of rebuilding in the early 1700s and now, after considerable restorations, greatly contribute to the town indviduality. In recent years the preservation of historic Røros has been nicely and skilfully carried out. A number of houses have been listed as monuments of the national heritage: the first seven as early as 1923.

Røros has its own Supervisor of Historic Buildings and Monuments. Prominent in the town center is the church, a tall baroque building seating 1500, build when the Copper Works was enjoying the zenith of its power in 1784 to "the glory of God and the adornment of the town". Nearby lies the oldest farm in Røros, The Aasen Manor, was built by the huntsman Hans Olsen Aasen who was the first to find copper in the mountains east of Røros.

In 1980 Røros was listed by UNESCO's as one of the 300 locations in the world most deserving of preservation. The town has a character of its own. History still lives today in the fiction of Johan Falkberget who portrayed this mining community so well in his novels. Today Røros is a modern society based on industry, agriculture and forestry, and employing a good number of service occpuations. Tourism is steadily increasing with a great deal of traffic in the summer. Røros celebrated its 350-year anniversary in 1994.

The geology of Røros falls roughly into two types: the northwestern half of the area contains mainly schist from the Cambro-Silurian Period (570-395 million years ago). Røros schist disintgrates easily and provides a relatively nutritive soil for vegetation. The southeastern half of the district is dominated bi acidic, older rock types such as sparagmite, granite and gneiss. These rock types disintegrate slowly and provide poor soil.

Milieu and atmosphere greet you in Røros. Take a leisurely stroll through intimate and friendly streets lined with wooden houses. It is not surprising that a small town on UNESCO`s World Heritage List of the world´s most valuable attractions. Røros, the mining town, owes it existence to rich copper deposits, and could celebrate the 350th. anniversary of the formation of the mining community in 1994.

The region, including Røros, Os, Holtålen and Tolga, offers mountains, wide expanses and multitude of lakes: enough to satisfy the photographer, angler, hunter, hiker, cyclist or canoeist. Narrow valleys contain thriving communities where you can experience dairy farming firsthand. The region has inspired a unique milieu of art and crafts. Atrractive gifts can be purchased at most workshops.

MINING TOWN

In its early days Røros was both a mining town, with the inhabitants working on the smelting as well as in the mines. Gradually the town became surrounded by the grazing houses created a unique townscape. Population increased rapidly: immigrants came not only from surrounding districts but from the Swedish border and Denmark, and mining experteese technicians came mostly from Germany. By the end of the 17th century Røros Copper Works with its some 2000 employees had become one of the most important industries in the Danish-Norwegian Kalmar Union.

The most significant ore deposits in the region (copper and zinc) are located in the area dominated by schist. In the King`s Mine, and somewhat also in the mines at Muggruva and Storwartz, ore is found in association with gabbro rock types. Chrome has been produced from deposits in serpentine rock in the Feragsfjell mountain area. These minerals disinguish themselves in the terrain by their red-brown color, as may seen at Rauhammeren mountain.

Climate and bedrock are important factors in determining the plantlife and thus also tha animals that thirve in an area. Røros date its origin to 1646 when the first smelting hut at the Copper Works (1644-1977) was set up near the waterfall at the river Hitterelva that runs through the town. A cosmpolitan town developed around these huts, having two parellel streets (Kjerkgata and Bergmannsgata) and blocks of houses laid according to the square-grid renaissance pattern favored by the "mining king" Christian 6.

TOURS THROUGH RØROS

The magnificent "Bergstaden`s Ziir" church

Enormous slag heaps, monuments to over 300 years of mining.

SMELTEHYTTA MUSEUM

Olavsgruva Museum and trips down a mine.

RATVOLDEN

The home of poet Johan Falkberget.

FJELL LJOM PRESS MUSEUM

Where Johan Falkberget`s works were first printed.

MUSEUMS

The Norwegian Gallery of Nature Photography. Several unique local museums including Odden-tunet, Ålen Museum, Gammelgården in Haltdalen, Vingelen Church and School Museum, Dølmo-tune-working farm with dairy and animals, activities for children. Åsgaardvollen, mountain dairy farm Sølendet - a unique nature reserve with rare plants and signs of wild harvesting. Art and Crafts workshops open to the public.

RØROSMARTNAN

Rørosmartnan is an annual market and cultural events in Røros which takes place from the second to last Tuesday of February and lasts until Saturday after. As a rule, between 70 000 and 80 000 visitors, and the market is therefore important for Røros district. Hit comes on the opening day about 80 horse sleighs with visitors from Sweden and the hill country around.

GLOMMA

The Glomma or Glåma is the longest and largest river in Norway. The 621 kilometre long river has a drainage basin that covers a full 13% of Norway´s area, all in the southern part of Norway. At its fullest length, the river runs from the Aursund lake near Røros and runs into the Oslofjord at Fredrikstad.

OUTDOORS

Cycle tours throughout the region. Authentic working dairy farms in Vingelen. Nature trails and culture tours with professional guides. Horse-treking with, without overnight. Boat trips with "MS Fæmund II" or "Aursund III" on Femunden or Aursunden. Rambling, Canoeing, including a beaver safari on the River Glomma.

FISHING

Fishing (trout, char grayling, gwyniad and salmon) in countless lakes and waterways.

GOLF

Røros Golfclub is a golf course with 9 holes and a variation of difficulties. The course lies approximately 2 km from Røros.